Delirium Tremens (DTs) is a serious, life-threatening condition that can occur in those who suddenly stop drinking alcohol after a period of heavy consumption. It is characterized by confusion and disorientation, as well as hallucinations and agitation, and can be fatal if not treated quickly. In this article, we will discuss the causes and symptoms of delirium tremens, as well as how it can be treated. Keep reading to learn more.
Alcohol withdrawal is considered a major contributor to the onset of delirium tremens. DTs are an extreme form of alcohol withdrawal that can cause hallucinations, confusion, agitation, and seizures. Alcohol withdrawal occurs when someone stops drinking after a prolonged period of excessive consumption. As their body adjusts to the sudden decrease in alcohol intake, they experience a variety of unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms ranging from mild anxiety and restlessness to more severe issues like fever, sweating, nausea, and vomiting. While many people may have minor symptoms with no lasting effects if they stop drinking once or twice over time, those who consume large amounts of alcohol for extended periods will be at risk for developing serious complications such as DTs.
The first stage of alcohol withdrawal is known as the “acute phase,” which immediately follows the cessation of drinking. During this time, individuals will begin experiencing minor symptoms, including tremors or shakes, insomnia, increased blood pressure, and heart rate changes. If these early signs go unchecked, there’s an increased likelihood that further stages may occur, leading to delirium tremens.
During the second stage, called the “symptomatic phase,” individuals’ bodies become increasingly sensitive to any stimulus due largely in part because the nervous system is still adapting to decreased levels of ethanol found in alcoholic beverages. Symptoms experienced during this phase can range widely depending on how much was consumed previously. However, common symptoms can include difficulty concentrating or remembering things, visual disturbances such as seeing halos around objects, auditory disturbances like hearing certain sounds louder than usual, and disorientation. If left untreated, withdrawal symptoms could lead to more severe delirium tremens symptoms.
Delirium tremens is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition caused by the sudden cessation of alcohol use. It is a type of alcohol withdrawal syndrome that can occur when someone abruptly stops drinking after a long period of heavy alcohol use. Symptoms of delirium tremens can include confusion, agitation, shaking, seizures, hallucinations, fever, high blood pressure, and rapid heart rate. While symptoms can range from mild to severe, delirium tremens is considered a medical emergency that can be fatal if not treated quickly.
Delirium tremens may also result in further medical complications such as cardiac arrhythmia, respiratory arrest, oversedation, or aspiration pneumonitis. These conditions all have the potential to cause serious infections or become fatal. In general, an individual is at greater risk of delirium tremens if they are middle-aged, have a history of seizures, have a mental illness, have an abnormal liver function, or have abused alcohol for a long period of time.
Going through detox is the vital first step in recovering from alcohol use disorder. While the journey includes many other steps, they can’t be completed until this first one is completed. The recovery can’t move forward until a person has reduced their physical dependence and overcome the alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Detox is the process of ridding the body of alcohol and other substances that have built up over time. It’s a necessary step in the recovery process as it helps the individual prepare for long-term treatment and sobriety. When a person begins the process of detox, it’s important to understand that the symptoms can be intense and uncomfortable.
The best way to ensure that detox is successful is to do it under the supervision of medical professionals. Healthcare providers can screen patients who are at risk for alcohol withdrawal syndrome on admission. Managing and preventing severe symptoms begins with taking detailed histories, including past drinking habits, as well as looking out for signs such as sweating or tremor, which might indicate impending withdrawal.
Once diagnosed with alcohol withdrawal syndrome, appropriate treatment steps should be taken immediately to reduce the likelihood of developing delirium tremens, including medications such as benzodiazepines or anticonvulsants, which help reduce the severity of symptoms when they do appear.
Delirium tremens is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition, and it is important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of delirium tremens. Treatment is available and can be effective in helping to manage the condition and its symptoms. Early recognition of the signs and symptoms of delirium tremens is vital for successful treatment and recovery.